1. Appropriate Footwear
For a short day hike that doesn’t involve a heavy pack or technical terrain, trail shoes are great. For longer hikes, carrying heavier loads or more technical terrain, hiking boots offer more support.
2. Knife or Multipurpose Tool
These enable you to cut strips of cloth into bandages, remove splinters, fix broken eyeglasses and perform a whole host of repairs on malfunctioning gear.
3. Extra Water and a Way to Purify it
Without enough water your body’s muscles and organs simply can’t perform as well. Consuming too little water will not only make you thirsty, but susceptible to hypothermia and altitude sickness.
4. Extra Food
Any number of things could keep you out longer than expected: getting lost, enjoying time by a stream, an injury or difficult terrain. Extra food will help keep up energy and morale.
5. Safety Items
The warmth of a fire and a hot drink can help prevent hypothermia. Fires are also a great way to signal for help if you get lost. If lost, you’ll also want a whistle, as it is more effective than using your voice to call for assistance (use three short bursts). And just in case you’re out later than planned, a flashlight or headlamp is a must-have item to see your map and where you’re walking.
You’ll want something you can carry comfortably and has the features designed to keep you hiking smartly. Don’t forget the rain cover; some packs come with one built-in. Keep the other essentials in the pack and you’ll always be ready to hit the trail safely.
7. First-aid Kit
Prepackaged first-aid kits for hikers are available at any outfitter. Double your effectiveness with knowledge. Take a first-aid class with the American Red Cross or consider a wilderness first-aid class.
8. Map and Compass
A map and compass not only tell you where you are and how far you have to go, they can help you find campsites, water and an emergency exit route in case of an accident. While GPS units are very useful, always carry a map and compass as a backup.
9. Sunscreen and Sunglasses
Especially above the tree line when there is a skin-scorching combination of sun and snow, you’ll need sunglasses to prevent snow blindness and sunscreen to prevent sunburn.
10. Rain Gear and Extra Clothing
Dressing in layers allows you to adjust to changing weather and activity levels. Two rules: avoid cotton (it keeps moisture close to your skin) and always carry a hat.